Among the entire list of agricultural works, fertilization is considered one of the most important and significant stages. It is through the proper feeding of the crop that the farmers get the planned yields, thereby ensuring an appropriate level of profitability of their work. In some cases, correctly applied fertilizers can even compensate for the lack of soil fertility.
It is worth noting that their subtleties are also hidden here – to fertilize the entire field at once will not work. An overabundance of salts, minerals and other substances will rather bring the opposite result, reducing the crop yield. Because of this, fertilizer costs in several stages:
- before processing the soil and sowing culture;
- during sowing or immediately before it;
- additional processing until full maturity.
Among the entire range of equipment suitable for solving this problem, diffusers are considered to be one of the most appropriate options. They are not as accurate as the fertilizer sowers, but with a complex ratio of various parameters and technical aspects they represent one of the best ultimatums.
There is a fairly large number of types of machines for mineral fertilizers. They differ in the way they work, although most modern models are almost as good as each other in terms of quality, reliability and efficiency. According to the method of spraying, several main varieties are distinguished at once – pendulum, pneumatic, conveyor with auger, as well as centrifugal discs. In European countries, the first variety is the most popular, since they are equipped with a huge number of sensors designed to control the level of fertilizer supply, as well as control the distribution when working on a hilly appearance.
In modern conditions, centrifugal-disk variants still look somewhat preferable, since they are significantly cheaper than the pendulum ones and at the same time are distinguished by solid variability. With their help, it is possible to effectively distribute fertilizer of different fractions and composition. At the same time due to the impressive carrying capacity of such equipment looks more appropriate in terms of profitability.
It all starts with a tractor
Since the range of disc diffusers available on the market is practically unlimited, a quite reasonable question arises as to which parameters should be used to guide the selection. The first and really important point is the availability of tractor equipment, because it is thanks to it that it is possible to effectively apply mineral fertilizers with the help of spreaders. In this case, the tractor represents one of the most important moments, because it is their traction capabilities that directly affect how much fertilizer can be distributed at one time, taking into account such parameters as topography, soil density, etc. On hard soil, this type of work is performed far more efficient than with loose, soft earth.
If there are fields with a size of up to 120 hectares, which are considered small by the standard classification, then they are processed using class 0.6 and 0.9 machines. If the area reaches up to 400 hectares, then 1.4 class equipment is already needed. If the dimensions are even larger, only powerful second-class machines can effectively cope with the task. Under each of these categories there is a huge range of attachments. There are also certain limitations – in the 1.4 class, no more than 1.5 tons of fertilizer cargo are allowed. All these nuances should be considered when choosing the optimal lens for your own needs. Another big problem for farmers is the very tight timeframe for the work, as well as possible adverse weather conditions. It also encourages to take into account the peculiarities of the equipment and the versatility of its use with various types of fertilizers.
Secrets of compactness and maneuverability
Aggregates for the application of mineral fertilizers do not always have to be large, which has been repeatedly confirmed by the actual conditions of use. Especially it concerns those cases when the field relief is complex and it will not be possible to do without really maneuverable and flexible equipment.
One of the most versatile solutions are hinged diffusers, which are low cost and at the same time unpretentious in the process, even the most active use. Also, as one more advantage of such equipment, it is possible to call excellent controllability and rather high speed of work, which is really needed in conditions of limited time.
The accuracy of the work of such equipment depends largely on how properly it is configured. Mineral fertilizer spreader should be synchronized with the tractor at the speed of unloading – in this case, fertilizer application will be uniform and as efficient as possible, and the dose required for specific oh culture, it will be observed exactly. From the smaller to the larger On the fields with a large area, the rules of the game are completely different – here the bigger capacity of the bunker with fertilizers, as well as the width of capture of one lane, are more important. The cost of fuel materials in the second case will be reduced by almost a third, and the speed of work will increase immediately by 20%. The large capacity of the bunker also helps to save, because in this case the number of fertilizer deliveries decreases 2.5 times, which also leads to the expected savings. The time spent on loading fertilizers in this case is also reduced by a third. The self-propelled fertilizer spreader is an option that provides a harmonious combination of mobility, autonomy and work efficiency. In some cases, it can outperform any other equipment, ensuring efficient operation in a short time. Due to the effective surface treatment of the fields with such equipment without loss of quality, the final result of the work may be even better than the planned calculations, so you should also pay attention to such models. Comfort is above all Since the duration and amount of work on fertilizer application can be really huge, the “correct” equipment should to be also comfortable in the operation of the operator.
Important requirements include:
- Availability of a high-quality monitor with the necessary information, a sufficient number of lighting devices for working at night, reliable and trouble-free transport and braking systems, quick-removal awnings to load the bunker.
- Of particular note is the need for a high-quality navigation system, as it allows the operator much better navigate the amount of work done. The same applies to wide viewing angles from all windows – this parameter allows you to control the operation of attachments and control the process of loading the bunker with minimal effort.
- As for the comfort of the driver, this moment does not require any explanation, so a high-quality workplace with excellent ergonomics and easy access to all controls is considered a mandatory norm. In the case of a trailed fertilizer spreader, the situation does not change at all, since its effective work in tandem with the tractor depends largely on the capabilities of the operator who controls the equipment.
- One of the most important and decisive moments that allow quality processing of the fields is considered directly the quality of fertilizers themselves . Than this figure is higher, the less problems will eventually arise when working.
The size, shape of granules and level of flowability in this case will allow you to immediately understand what kind of equipment is better to perform for the processing of certain crops. In this case, the technique of applying mineral fertilizers may differ in order to comply with certain requirements and rules in order to ensure maximum efficiency without reducing its quality and reducing the time to complete. It is for these parameters that it is best to choose special equipment – in this case it will work for a long time and without fail, paying for the costs of its acquisition as soon as possible.